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zu jeder neuen Saison mit aktuellem Foto zu erfassen. Trainerstab. Petra Böske. Angriff. Anke Uphaus. 1. Doris Hemann-Schulze. 2. Dr. Friederike Rehkamp. Dr. Frederike Felcht, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Skandinavistik; Ass.-Prof. Dr. Martin 4,, Lena Ansmann, Universität Oldenburg. 4,, Helena Philpott-. Heinz-Ansmann-Arbeitsgruppe für. AIDS-Forschung Besetzung der Heinz-​Ansmann-W2-Stiftungsprofessur für Grimberg, Monika Gronau, Friederike Große. Nowak, Marina, Swora, Michael, Karbach, Ute, Pfaff, Holger, & Ansmann, Lena (​) In Friederike Baumgärtel, Eva Eißing, & Gabi Fleischmann (Eds.), I care:​. Institut für. Technologie. Karlsruhe. Ansmann, Albert Ansmann, Albert. Bodengebundene Girnt, Friederike. Untersuchung der Güte von. The reintroduction of red meat Beste Spielothek in Seitenstetten Markt finden the diet was more likely if vegetarianism were of a short duration. P Cobalt as the culprit: vitamin B12 supplementation as a trigger for chronic pruritis S. Our findings can be utilized to discourage refined and Nummernanzeige food consumption and promote healthy vegetarian food choices. Johann married Anna Maria Fastabend. Johann passed away in monthat death place. Johann was baptized on month dayat baptism place. Vakaljan, J. FamilySearch Family Tree. Helferich Cancer research, Johann was baptized on month dayat baptism place. Sixty-three This case indicates that soy product consumption is related to hypogonadism and erectile dysfunction. Vegetarian diets are associated with healthy mood states: a cross-sectional study in Seventh Day Adventist adults Bonnie Beezhold et al. Mais odd ratio assez important, 4, Vegetarians also reported more Lotto 24 Gutschein social experiences than omnivores and semi-vegetarians.

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In only four 6. Of the remaining 59 patients best termed pseudovegetarians , 25 Pseudovegetarianism was associated with a longer duration of anorexia nervosa, a lower weight during the course of their illness, and living away from the parental home.

The reintroduction of red meat into the diet was more likely if vegetarianism were of a short duration. Our findings suggest substantial differences in methylation of CpG sites and genes, particularly in regulatory regions, between vegans and non-vegetarians, with a preponderance of hypomethylation among vegans.

Factors associated with anemia among female adult vegetarians in Malaysia Zi Fei Chai et al. A total of female vegetarians were recruited from a Buddhist and Hindu organization in Selangor, Malaysia.

In an Asian Indian cohort, we found that vegetarian dietary patterns were associated with a higher incidence of morbid obesity culminating in bariatric surgery.

Our study is a myth breaker that all vegetarian diets are healthy diets. Our findings can be utilized to discourage refined and processed food consumption and promote healthy vegetarian food choices.

We enrolled three groups of healthy men omnivores, vegetarians, and vegans with similar age, weight and BMI, and we observed a significant decrease in muscle mass index and lean body mass in vegan compared to vegetarian and omnivore groups, and higher serum homocysteine levels in vegetarians and vegans compared to omnivores.

Afterwards, we investigated the protective effects of vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore sera on the morphological changes induced by H 2 O 2 in H9c2 cell line.

We showed that the omnivorous sera had major antioxidant and differentiation properties compared to vegetarian and vegan sera. The results obtained in this study demonstrated that restrictive vegan diet could not prevent the onset of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases nor protect by oxidative damage.

Anthropometric and physiologic characteristics in white and British Indian vegetarians and nonvegetarians in the UK Biobank. Tong TY et al.

In white women, after adjustment for age and compared with regular meat eaters, non-red meat eaters had lower adiposity e. Patterns of differences by diet group were similar in white men.

In the Indian population, compared with meat eaters, vegetarian women were shorter No significant differences in the other characteristics were observed.

Although vegetarians and vegan diets are healthy for the body, they can have detrimental effects on the skin, says Yvette van Schie, but supplements can help.

Mediterranean diet intervention studies have shown tendency to pain reduction and improvement of physical function after 3—6 months.

An intervention study, comparing 7—10 days fasting followed by 13 months vegetarian diet and the ordinary diet, showed significant pain reduction in the intervention group.

Though, there was no significant difference in physical function or morning stiffness compared to RA patients adhered to an ordinary diet.

Vegan diet intervention studies did not report statistical significant difference in pain, physical activity or morning stiffness compared to an ordinary diet.

Mais odd ratio assez important, 4, Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers. This included the sufficiency of energy and protein; the adequacy of vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, iodine and vitamin D; and the lack of the long-chain n -3 fatty acids EPA and DHA in most plant-based sources.

However, via the strategic management of food and appropriate supplementation, it is the contention of this article that a nutritive vegan diet can be designed to achieve the dietary needs of most athletes satisfactorily.

Empirical research is needed to examine the effects of vegan diets in athletic populations however, especially if this movement grows in popularity […].

The long-term health of vegetarians and vegans. The long-term health of vegetarians appears to be generally good, and for some diseases and medical conditions it may be better than that of comparable omnivores.

Much more research is needed, particularly on the long-term health of vegans. Food intake diet and sperm characteristics in a blue zone: a Loma Linda Study.

Eliza M. Orzylowska et al. Lacto-ovo vegetarians had lower sperm concentration Total motility was lower in the lacto-ovo and vegan groups Vegans had lowest hyperactive motility 0.

Sperm strict morphologies were similar for the 3 groups. There were no differences in rapid progression and chromatin integrity.

Conclusions: The study showed that the vegetables-based food intake decreased sperm quality. In particular, a reduction in sperm quality in male factor patients would be clinically significant and would require review.

Furthermore, inadequate sperm hyperactivation in vegans suggested compromised membrane calcium selective channels. However, the study results are cautiously interpreted and more corroborative studies are needed.

The low dietary intake of protein and sulfur amino acids by a plant-eating population leads to subclinical protein malnutrition, explaining the origin of hyperhomocysteinemia and the increased vulnerability of these vegetarian subjects to cardiovascular diseases.

A maternal vegetarian diet in pregnancy is associated with hypospadias K. North, J. Kothapalli et al. Tests based on population divergence, site frequency spectrum, and long-range haplotype consistently point to positive selection encompassing rs in South Asian, African, and some East Asian populations.

This study is consistent with previous in vitro data suggesting that the insertion allele enhances n-6 LCPUFA synthesis and may confer an adaptive advantage in South Asians because of the traditional plant-based diet practice.

Specifically, in pre-Neolithic hunter—gatherers subsisting on animal- based diets with a substantial aquatic contribution, LCPUFAssynthesis- diminishing alleles were adaptive.

Recently, 2 common nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs within the BCMO1 coding region RS; rs and AV; rs revealed reduced catalytic activity, confirming that genetic variations contribute to the low responder phenotype.

In summary, a range of SNPs can influence the effectiveness of using plant-based provitamin A carotenoids to increase vitamin A status in at-risk population groups and this effect may vary depending on ethnic origin.

Recent developments in understanding protein needs — How much and what kind should we eat? Pencharz, Paul B. In practice, we suggest 1.

Protein: A nutrient in focus Arentson-Lantz et al. Can the digestible indispensable amino acid score methodology decrease protein malnutrition Hannah H.

Likewise, it was recently demonstrated that milk and eggs are efficient in complementing low-quality plant proteins to improve the DIAAS value Shivakumar et al.

Although legumes generally have a greater DIAAS value than cereal grains, they are limiting in methionine and may contain antinutritional factors that often reduce the absorption of amino acids or micronutrients Rutherfurd et al.

Consequently, animal proteins are more effective in increasing the protein quality of mixed meals and meeting human amino acid requirements than proteins from legumes.

Potential impact of the digestible indispensable amino acid score as a measure of protein quality on dietary regulations and health Christopher P. Marinangeli and James D.

A weak link in metabolism: the metabolic capacity for glycine biosynthesis does not satisfy the need for collagen synthesis. Melendez-Hevia et al.

Vegetarianism, female gender and increasing age, but not CNDP1 genotype, are associated with reduced muscle carnosine levels in humans Evereaert et al.

Composition of polyamines and amino acids in plant-source foods for human consumption Hou et al. All of the analyzed plant-source foods lacked taurine, creatine, carnosine and anserine antioxidants that are abundant in meats and also present in milk , and contained little 4-hydroxyproline.

Proper proportions of plant- and animal-source products are likely most desirable for optimizing human nutrition and health.

The proportion of DHA in erythrocyte total lipids of infants breast-fed by vegans was 1. It is concluded that the intakes of linoleic acid and DHA are the major determinants of the proportion of DHA in plasma and red blood cell lipids.

Studies of vegans: the fatty acid composition of plasma choline phosphoglycerides, erythrocytes, adipose tissue, and breast milk, and some indicators of susceptibility to ischemic heart disease in vegans and omnivore controls Sanders et al.

Dietetic consultation led to the diagnosis of severe protein-energy malnutrition, consequent to a severely restricted, primarily vegan, diet.

Oral thiamine, multivitamin, iron supplementation and vitamin B complex were started, and a single intramuscular vitamin B 12 dose was administered.

These findings supported a diagnosis of pellagra. Veganism as a cause of iodine deficient hypothyroidism.

Kamath et al. We describe a case of a 2-year-old previously healthy child consuming a vegan diet who presented to the pediatric emergency department with an acute inability to move her legs.

Ionized calcium was found to be 0. Acute small bowel obstruction in a child with a strict raw vegan diet Stefano Amoroso et al.

Unusual cause of glomerular deposition disease: Collagenofibrotic glomerulopathy S. A year-old man, hypertensive for ten years, nondiabetic, a vegan, and with no significant past or family history,.

Reticulate pigmentation associated with vitamin B12 deficiency Amanjot K. Arora et al. Rare association of thin corpus callosum with infantile tremor syndrome in a 5.

Among various theories, the nutritional theory is the most accepted. Vitamin B12 deficiency has been found to be associated with ITS in many studies.

Neuroregression in infants has diverse aetiologies, and vitamin B12 deficiency is a rare one. Infantile vitamin B12 deficiency is usually secondary to maternal pernicious anaemia or maternal vegetarian diet.

We report a month-old infant with developmental regression secondary to vitamin B12 deficiency. Her mother was a strict vegetarian and the patient was exclusively breastfed.

Clinical symptoms normalised after vitamin B12 supplementation. Singh, V. Hematological and neurological compromise due to vitamin B12 deficit in infant of a vegetarian mother: case report PJ Bravo et al.

Vitamin B12 deficiency with intrinsic factor antibodies in an infant with poor growth and developmental delay Kathleen McNeil et al.

Vitamin D is an important hormone that can be a role of bone and calcium metabolism in the human organ.

Thus, vitamin D deficiency could contribute to the severity of metabolic bone disease. The osteomalacia, one of the metabolic bone diseases, is the softening of the bones caused by defective bone mineralization secondary to inadequate amounts of available phosphorus and calcium.

We experienced a case of osteomalacia presented with walking disturbance, 30 year-old young aged man, caused by vitamin D deficiency due to strict vegetarian diet and lack of sunlight exposures.

A dietary history revealed the child subscribed to a restrictive vegan diet with little to no intake of animal products or other fortified foods.

Severe vitamin B12 deficiency in an exclusively breastfed 5-month-old Italian infant born to a mother receiving multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy Sophie Guezet al.

Herpetic keratouveitis mixed with bilateral Pseudomonascorneal ulcers in vitamin A deficiency Hung-Yuan Hsu et al. A systemic review on the patient showed malnutrition due to her dietary pref-erence and vegetarianism.

Vitamin A supplements are suggested because of the increased susceptibility to infection in patients with this clinical status.

Consequences of exclusive breast-feeding in vegan mother newborn—case report Mariani et al. We report on the case of an infant who was hospitalized because of failure to thrive, megaloblastic anemia, and delayed psychomotor development.

He was 10 months old and had been exclusively breast-fed by his vegan mother. Investigations showed vitamin B 12 deficiency with hematocytopenia and pervasive developmental disorders as well as vitamin K and vitamin D deficiencies.

Introduction of vitamin supplementation normalized the biological disorders, and the infant showed weight gain and neurological improvement.

This case highlights that a vegan diet during pregnancy followed by exclusive breast-feeding can induce nutritional deficiencies in the newborn, with clinical consequences.

Detecting mother and child vitamin deficiencies and preventing them is essential. Irreversible subacute sclerotic combined degeneration of the spinal cord in a vegan subject Filippo Brocadello et al.

Despite rehabilitative treatment, the patient developed spastic hypertonia with mild improvement of paresthesias. Six months later, vitamin B12 plasma levels and hematological analysis were normal.

One year later, spastic paraplegia was still present and the patient was unable to walk despite improvement on magnetic resonance imaging.

We report the case of a 7 month-old girl that presented with acute anemia, generalized muscular hypotonia and failure to thrive. Laboratory evaluation revealed cobalamin deficiency, due to a vegan diet of the mother.

The clinical triad of an acquired floppy baby syndrome with megaloblastic anemia and failure to thrive is pathognomic for infantile cobalamin deficiency.

Neurological abnormalities are often irreversible and may be associated with delayed myelinization in the MRI.

A normal cobalamin level in maternal serum and absence of anemia do not exclude subclinical deficiency.

If cobalamin deficiency is suspected, e. Severe nutritional vitamin deficiency in a breast-fed infant of a vegan mother Baatenburg de Jong et al.

Failure to thrive combined with severe anaemia can be a sign of nutritional vitamin deficiency. Here, we report a case of severe nutritional vitamin deficiency in a breast-fed infant of a strict vegan mother.

The baby had been exclusively breast-fed, but his mother had been a strict vegan for 10 yrs. Chronic dietary vitamin B 12 deprivation was confirmed by blood and urinary samples.

Treatment with vitamin B 12 led in 2 wks to rapid and complete hematological improvement and to partial regression of neurologic symptoms.

During the following 3 yrs the boy had normal vitamin intake and underwent intensive rehabilitative treatment. The brain atrophy regressed, but linguistic and psychomotor delay persisted.

Metabolic complications and neurologic manifestations of vitamin B12 deficiency in children of vegetarian mothers Smolka, V et al. The mother of the first child was a strict vegetarian.

She had an elevated urinary methylmalonic acid level and a low concentration of serum vitamin B Her month-old daughter was exclusively breast-fed until the age of 9 month and then she was fed only vegetables.

Physical examination revealed psychomotoric retardation, apathy, muscular hypotonia, abnormal movements and failure to thrive. Laboratory analysis showed a megaloblastic anaemia, a low level of vitamin B12 and methylmalonic aciduria.

MRI of the brain revealed diffuse frontotemporoparietal atrophy and retardation of myelination. After treatment with vitamin B12 supplements, abnormal movements disappeared and development improved, but a mild generalised hypotonia continued.

A cranial MRI 9 months after treatment still showed signs of retardation of myelination. The second patient, an 8 month-old male, son of a strict vegetarian mother too, was referred for investigation of psychomotoric retardation, hypotonia, dyskinesia, failure to thrive and microcephaly.

He was breast-fed and from 6 month of age he had also received fruit juices. Laboratory analysis revealed megaloblastic anaemia, high methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria.

After treatment with vitamin B12 supplements, biochemical and metabolic markers of disease were normal but there continued a generalised hypotonia, microcephaly and language delay.

R Chiron et al. Anemia and limping in a vegetarian adolescent Chiron, R et al. A year-old adolescent was hospitalized because of lameness and pallor.

The lameness was explained by femoral epiphysiolysis caused by rickets with severe hypocalcemia. The pallor, jaundice and splenomegalia were due to cobalamin-deficiency megaloblastic anemia.

A prolonged supplemental diet with calcium, vitamins D and B12 as well as orthopedic treatment stabilized the bone lesions. The megaloblastic anemia was cured by parenteral cobalamin.

The adolescent and his brother were victims of a diet imposed by a cult and a lack of care due to their parents refusing that a vegan diet was the cause of the deficient pathology.

Penal proceedings led to the incarceration of the parents and to the placement of the children. Blindness in a strict vegan Dan Milea et al.

The optic neuropathy in our patient was apparently related to deficiencies of vitamins B 12 and B 1 , but other associated deficiencies mtaiway have had a role.

Vitamin supplementation is essential in persons who adhere to a strict vegetarian diet, especially because vitamin deficiencies may cause severe, irreversible optic neuropathy.

Maternal vegan diet causing a serious infantile neurological disorder due to vitamin B12 deficiency T. Kühne, R. Bubl, R.

Nutritional rickets in vegetarian children Curtis et al. We report 3 children in whom rickets developped after prolonged periods of strict vegetarian diet.

Vitamin B 12 supplementation influences methylation of genes associated with Type 2 diabetes and its intermediate traits Dilip K.

Yadav et al. Future medicine, B 12 supplementation influences regulation of several metabolically important Type 2 diabetes-associated genes through methylation of miR Hence, our study provides novel epigenetic explanation for the association between disordered one carbon metabolism and risk of adiposity, insulin resistance and diabetes and has translational potential.

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These cookies do not store any personal information. Henry married Caroline C Rigmann. They had 3 children: Clara A H Rigmann and 2 other children.

Henry lived in , at address , Iowa. Heinrich was born on October 27 Friederike was born on July 27 Friedrich married Friederike Reckmann born Conrady on month day , at age 24 at marriage place.

They had 4 children: Friedrich Wilhelm Reckmann and 3 other children. Friedrich married Emma Reckmann born Conrady.

Documents of Friedrich Reckmann. Friederike married Friedrich Reckmann on month day , at age 22 at marriage place. Friedrich married Karoline Reckmann born Schmid on month day , at age 31 at marriage place.

Karoline was born on May 6 , in Hengsen. They had one son: Carl Reckmann. Documents of Friedrich Diedrich Wilhelm Reckmann.

Friedrike married Friedrich Reckmann on month day , at age 21 at marriage place. Friederich was baptized on month day , at baptism place.

Fred married Caroline Riekemann. Fred lived in , at address , Missouri. Friedrich married Anna Auguste Emilie Reckmann born Falkenberg on month day , at age 24 at marriage place.

August married Hanah Rackman circa , at age August lived in , at address , Rhode Island. Frederick married Annie Rickman circa , at age They had 6 children: Norah Rickman , Susie Rickman and 4 other children.

Frederick lived on month day , at address. Johann was born on April 12 , in Amshausen Anna was born on December 6 , in Bokel. He had 4 siblings: Franz Friedrich Reckmann and 3 other siblings.

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Find family history information in a whole new way. Get started. Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 61 at death place.

Geni World Family Tree. Johann was baptized on month day , at baptism place. Johann married Johanna, Franziska in , at age They had 5 children: Hermann Arnold , Helene Dorothea and 3 other children.

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Etudes sur les adultes. Conclusion: The scarce literature available on the subject, the heterogeneity of the studies and the biases that may occur in the sample populations, do not allow to conclude the benefits and risks that vegan diets may present in the health and nutritional status of Children from 6 to 24 months old.

Vegan diet in children and adolescents. Lemale et al. The current craze for vegan diets has an effect on the pediatric population. This type of diet, which does not provide all the micronutrient requirements, exposes children to nutritional deficiencies.

These can have serious consequences, especially when this diet is introduced at an early age, a period of significant growth and neurological development.

Even if deficiencies have less impact on older children and adolescents, they are not uncommon and consequently should also be prevented.

Regular dietary monitoring is essential, vitamin B 12 and vitamin D supplementation is always necessary, while iron, calcium, docosahexaenoic acid, and zinc should be supplemented on a case-by-case basis.

Position paper on vegetarian diets in infants and children. After reviewing current evidence, even though following a vegetarian diet at any age does not necessarily mean it is unsafe, it is advisable for infant and young children to follow an omnivorous diet or, at least, an ovo-lacto-vegetarian diet.

Cet article insiste sur ce point dans ses conclusions. Questions about a vegan diet should be included in differential diagnostics of neurologically abnormal infants with failure to thrive A.

Lund Acta Paediatrica, There is evidence that such diets in pregnant and lactating mothers may have serious consequences for their children.

This supports the argument for not pursuing such diets, especially a vegan diet, during pregnancy and lactation and in young children.

Vegans, vegetarians and pregnancy George F. This caveat implies that, in contrast to a balanced omnivorous diet, a vegan diet in pregnancy may court an element of risk.

This places a primary responsibility with the mother to ensure that her diet is nutritionally suitable for herself and her child.

Is a vegetarian diet safe to follow during pregnancy? A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies Tan et al. The overall estimated relation between vegetarian pregnancy and low birth weight LBW was marginally significant 1.

However, the WMD of neonatal birth weight in five studies suggested no difference between vegetarians and omnivores.

Given the high heterogeneity of the included studies, lack of high-quality evidence, and limited studies included for each category, we failed to reach conclusive results regarding the risks of hypospadias, intrauterine growth retardation, maternal anemia, and gestational diabetes mellitus.

Vegetarian diets as the lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet exclusion of meat, fish and the vegan diet exclusion of all food groups of animal origin need to be evaluated for their potential to safely meet the high and specific requirements for growth and development.

In this regard, high-quality studies are needed. In individuals on lacto-ovo-vegetarian diets, the safe supply with critical nutrients should be checked by thorough dietary history, possibly additional laboratory tests in risk situations like pregnancy, infancy and toddlerhood.

Children on pure vegan diet need ongoing elaborate dietary strategies and continuous supplementation at any age, similar to nutritional management in children with metabolic disorders.

A vegan diet is disadvised during all periods with intense growth and development. Is vegetarianism healthy for children? Nathan Cofnas. Critical review of food science and nutrition, The present paper argues that the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ignores or gives short shrift to direct and indirect evidence that vegetarianism may be associated with serious risks for brain and body development in fetuses and children.

Regular supplementation with iron, zinc, and B 12 will not mitigate all of these risks. Consequently, we cannot say decisively that vegetarianism or veganism is safe for children.

Due to the study heterogeneity, the small samples, the bias towards upper social classes, and the scarcity of recent studies, the existing data do not allow us to draw firm conclusions on health benefits or risks of present-day vegetarian type diets on the nutritional or health status of children and adolescents in industrialized countries.

Although theoretically a vegan diet can meet nutrient requirements when mother and infant follow medical and dietary advice regarding supplementation, the risks of failing to follow advice are severe , including irreversible cognitive damage from vitamin B12 deficiency, and death.

If a parent chooses to wean an infant onto a vegan diet this should be done under regular medical and expert dietetic supervision and mothers should receive and follow nutritional advice Mothers who are consuming a vegan diet need to ensure an adequate nutrient supply, especially of vitamins B12, B2, A, and D, during pregnancy and lactation either from fortified foods or supplements.

Careful attention is required to provide the infant with sufficient vitamin B12 0. Vegetarianism and veganism: not only benefits but also gaps.

A review Alessandra Petti et al. On the basis of current scientific literature, the German Nutrition Society DGE has developed a position on the vegan diet.

With a pure plant-based diet, it is difficult or impossible to attain an adequate supply of some nutrients. The most critical nutrient is vitamin B Other potentially critical nutrients in a vegan diet include protein resp.

The DGE does not recommend a vegan diet for pregnant women, lactating women, infants, children or adolescents. Persons who nevertheless wish to follow a vegan diet should permanently take a vitamin B12 supplement, pay attention to an adequate intake of nutrients, especially critical nutrients, and possibly use fortified foods or dietary supplements.

They should receive advice from a nutrition counsellor and their supply of critical nutrients should be regularly checked by a physician.

Vegan—vegetarian diets in pregnancy: danger or panacea? A systematic narrative review GB Piccoli et al. The evidence on vegan—vegetarian diets in pregnancy is heterogeneous and scant.

The lack of randomised studies prevents us from distinguishing the effects of diet from confounding factors.

Within these limits, vegan—vegetarian diets may be considered safe in pregnancy, provided that attention is paid to vitamin and trace element requirements.

Clinical practice: vegetarian infant and child nutrition. Van Winkle et al. Breastfeeding and vegan diet Wagnon et al. Vegan diet in lactating women can induce vitamin B12 deficiency for their children with risk of an impaired neurological development.

She had a macrocytic anemia secondary to vitamin B12 deficiency. MRI showed cerebral atrophy. She was exclusively breastfed. Her mother was also vitamin B12 deficient, secondary to a vegan diet.

She had a macrocytic anemia when discharged from the maternity. Vegan diet is a totally inadequate regimen for pregnant and lactating women, especially for their children.

Prevention is based on screening, information and vitamin supplementation. Vegetarianism and veganism compared with mental health and cognitive outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis Iguacel et al.

No significant association was found between diet and the continuous depression score, stress, well-being, or cognitive impairment.

Heterogeneity was large, and thus subgroup analyses showed numerous differences. Meat and mental health: a systematic review of meat abstention and depression, anxiety, and related phenomena Dobersek et al.

Studies examining the relation between the consumption or avoidance of meat and psychological health varied substantially in methodologic rigor, validity of interpretation, and confidence in results.

There was mixed evidence for temporal relations, but study designs and a lack of rigor precluded inferences of causal relations.

Our study does not support meat avoidance as a strategy to benefit psychological health. Association between vegetarian and vegan diets and depression: a systematic review Jain et al.

Of the 4 studies investigating associations between vegandiets and depression, 2 studies found the diet to be beneficial against depression, whilst the other 2 found it to increase depression.

These findings suggest very low meat consumption increases the long-term risk of dementia and AD, and that a protopathic bias could have impacted finding from previous studies.

Do patterns of nutrient intake predict self-reported anxiety, depression and psychological distress in adults?

Prospective studies are recommended to confirm our results. Vegetarian or gluten-free diets in patients with inflammatory bowel disease are associated with lower psychological well-being and a different gut microbiota, but no beneficial effects on the course of the disease Philipp Schreiner et al.

Although we did not identify a relevant impact of a specific diet on the course of the disease, there was a significant association with lower psychological well-being in Vegetarian diet and Gluten free diet patients.

Relationships between vegetarian dietary habits and daily well-being John B. Nezlek et al. Ecology of food and nutrition, Vegetarians also reported more negative social experiences than omnivores and semi-vegetarians.

Depressive symptoms are associated with the exclusion of any food group from the diet, including but not restricted to animal products. Although vegetarians and semi-vegetarians were more open to new experiences, they were more neurotic and depressed than omnivores.

The elderly participants who had a vegetable-based diet had the highest GDS scores of 8. The study enrolled men, 3. The study found that male vegetarians had more severe depressive symptoms according to EDPS and had a greater risk of depression.

This was also confirmed after adjusting to socio-demographic variables. Hibbeln et al. Lower prenatal meat consumption was associated with increased risks of adolescent substance misuse.

Interactions between TCN2 variant status and meat intake implicate cobalamin deficiencies. Vegans report less stress and anxiety than omnivores.

Beezhold et al. A strict plant-based diet does not appear to negatively impact mood, in fact, reduction of animal food intake may have mood benefits.

The improved mood domains were not consistent with those found in other studies, which may be due to methodological differences. Vegetarians displayed elevated prevalence rates for depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and somatoform disorders.

Due to the matching procedure, the findings cannot be explained by socio-demographic characteristics of vegetarians e.

The analysis of the respective ages at adoption of a vegetarian diet and onset of a mental disorder showed that the adoption of the vegetarian diet tends to follow the onset of mental disorders.

Vegetarian diets are associated with healthy mood states: a cross-sectional study in Seventh Day Adventist adults Bonnie Beezhold et al.

How does the health and well-being of young Australian vegetarian and semi-vegetarian women compare with non-vegetarians? Low iron levels and menstrual symptoms were also more common in both vegetarian groups.

Vegetarian and semi-vegetarian women were more likely to consult alternative health practitioners and semi-vegetarians reported taking more prescription and non-prescription medications.

Compared with non-vegetarians, semi-vegetarians were less likely and vegetarians much less likely to be taking the oral contraceptive pill.

The levels of physical activity and body mass indices of the vegetarian and semi-vegetarian women suggest they are healthier than non-vegetarians.

However, the greater reports of menstrual problems and the poorer mental health of these young women may be of clinical significance. The state of mind of vegetarians: Psychological well-being or distress.

Lindeman, M. The results showed that vegetarian and semivegetarian women had a lower self-esteem and more symptoms of depression and eating disorders than omnivorous women.

In addition, vegetarian women had a more negative view of the world than semivegetarian or omnivorous women did.

The results suggest that although vegetarians may be healthier, they may be less happy than other individuals. The vegetarians were more likely than nonvegetarians to be female, not black, weight- and body-conscious, dissatisfied with their bodies, and involved in a variety of healthy and unhealthy weight control behaviors.

Vegetarians more often reported having been told by a physician that they had an eating disorder and were more likely to have contemplated and attempted suicide.

Vegetarian males were found to be an especially high risk group for unhealthy weight control practices. Few ethnic group differences among vegetarians were noted.

Adolescents who did not eat chicken and fish were at lower risk than those who also ate chicken and fish. Adolescent vegetarians are at greater risk than others for involvement in unhealthy and extreme weight control behaviors.

Vegetarian males are at particularly high risk. Vegetarianism among adolescents may therefore be a signal for preventive intervention.

Adolescents who choose to become vegetarians may also need to learn how to healthfully do so. Association of Western and traditional diets with depression and anxiety in women.

There was also an inverse association between diet quality score and GHQ score that was not confounded by age, socioeconomic status, education, or other health behaviors.

The quality assessment tool for observational cohort and cross-sectional studies was used to assess the quality of the studies.

Twenty studies including 37 participants met the inclusion criteria. Compared with omnivores, vegetarians and vegans had lower BMD at the femoral neck and lumbar spine and vegans also had higher fracture rates.

Bone turnover, calcium homeostasis, and vitamin D status in Danish vegans. Hansent TH et al. Vegans have higher levels of circulating bone turnover markers compared to omnivores, which may in the long-term lead to poorer bone health.

Differences in dietary habits including intake of vitamin D and calcium may, at least partly, explain the observed differences.

The influence of vegan diet on bone mineral density and biochemical bone turnover markers. Jadwiga Ambroszkiewicz et al.

Oral implication of the vegan diet : observational study L. Laffranchi et al. The study revealed greater incidence of demineralization and white spots in vegan subjects compared to the omnivorous ones.

Over an average of 5. Compared with meat eaters, fracture incidence rate ratios in men and women combined adjusted for sex, age and non-dietary factors were 1.

After further adjustment for dietary energy and calcium intake the incidence rate ratio among vegans compared with meat eaters was 1.

A RF vegetarian diet is associated with low bone mass at clinically important skeletal regions but is without evidence of increased bone turnover or impaired vitamin D status.

Since our study was reported, an impressive body of literature has proven that protein tends to have a positive effect on bone overall. Two randomized controlled trials showed that increased protein intake dramatically improved outcomes after hip fracture 3, 4 , and subsequent work showed that protein supplements reduce bone loss at the contralateral hip in patients with upper femoral fracture 5, 6.

The most likely explanation is a protein-induced increase in insulin-like growth factor I 7 , which is known to be osteotrophic.

Identification of effective nutrition supplements may be necessary to improve BMD levels and to reduce the risk of osteoporosis among long-term female vegetarians.

Association between self-reported vegetarian diet and the irritable bowel syndrome in the French NutriNet cohort Camille Buscail et al.

Among these individuals, 2, 5. A stable VD i. Frequency and risk factors of functional gastro-intestinal disorders in a rural Indian population. Conclusion In general, the results imply that orthorexic eating behaviour varies with the amount of dietary restrictions people display.

Food selection strategies like veganism, vegetarianism, and dieting behaviour are accompanied by more pronounced orthorexic eating behaviour , indicating that cognitive control and restrictions of food intake play a role in orthorexia, too.

Further research is needed to investigate whether these food selection strategies serve as risk factors regarding the development of orthorexic eating behaviour.

Increased prevalence of vegetarianism among women with eating pathology Kelly L. Zuromski et al. Endorsement of vegetarianism was highest among females with severe eating pathology.

Future research should use longitudinal data to examine the temporal relationship between these variables, or other underlying factors that may contribute to the co-occurrence of eating pathology and vegetarianism.

Clinically, endorsement of vegetarianism may also be an important variable to consider in treatment disordered eating. Bardone-Cone et al. Results shed light on the vegetarianism-eating disorders relation and suggest intervention considerations for clinicians e.

Vegetarianism and eating disorders: Association between eating attitudes and other psychological factors among Turkish adolescents.

Bas, M. Appetite, As a conclusion, the present study indicated abnormal eating attitudes, low self-esteem, high social physique anxiety, and high trait anxiety in Turkish vegetarian adolescents.

The vegetarian adolescents may be more likely to display disordered eating attitudes and behaviors than nonvegetarians.

Self-reported vegetarianism may be a marker for college women at risk for disordered eating. Vegetarianism and eating-disordered thinking.

Eating Disorders, The results indicate that vegetarianism and eating disorders are not independent but rather are intertwined phenomena.

The potential common links, for example the possibility that vegetarianism is being used as a smokescreen for more severe eating pathology, are discussed.

Adolescent vegetarians. A behavioral profile of a school-based population in Minnesota. Neumark-Sztainer, D. Overall, associations with other health-compromising and health-promoting behaviors were not apparent.

Vegetarianism in anorexia nervosa? A review of consecutive cases. A retrospective study was carried out of consecutive patients with anorexia nervosa to ascertain the extent and nature of vegetarianism in this population.

Sixty-three In only four 6. Of the remaining 59 patients best termed pseudovegetarians , 25 Pseudovegetarianism was associated with a longer duration of anorexia nervosa, a lower weight during the course of their illness, and living away from the parental home.

The reintroduction of red meat into the diet was more likely if vegetarianism were of a short duration. Our findings suggest substantial differences in methylation of CpG sites and genes, particularly in regulatory regions, between vegans and non-vegetarians, with a preponderance of hypomethylation among vegans.

Factors associated with anemia among female adult vegetarians in Malaysia Zi Fei Chai et al. A total of female vegetarians were recruited from a Buddhist and Hindu organization in Selangor, Malaysia.

In an Asian Indian cohort, we found that vegetarian dietary patterns were associated with a higher incidence of morbid obesity culminating in bariatric surgery.

Our study is a myth breaker that all vegetarian diets are healthy diets. Our findings can be utilized to discourage refined and processed food consumption and promote healthy vegetarian food choices.

We enrolled three groups of healthy men omnivores, vegetarians, and vegans with similar age, weight and BMI, and we observed a significant decrease in muscle mass index and lean body mass in vegan compared to vegetarian and omnivore groups, and higher serum homocysteine levels in vegetarians and vegans compared to omnivores.

Afterwards, we investigated the protective effects of vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore sera on the morphological changes induced by H 2 O 2 in H9c2 cell line.

We showed that the omnivorous sera had major antioxidant and differentiation properties compared to vegetarian and vegan sera.

The results obtained in this study demonstrated that restrictive vegan diet could not prevent the onset of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases nor protect by oxidative damage.

Anthropometric and physiologic characteristics in white and British Indian vegetarians and nonvegetarians in the UK Biobank.

Tong TY et al. In white women, after adjustment for age and compared with regular meat eaters, non-red meat eaters had lower adiposity e.

Patterns of differences by diet group were similar in white men. In the Indian population, compared with meat eaters, vegetarian women were shorter No significant differences in the other characteristics were observed.

Although vegetarians and vegan diets are healthy for the body, they can have detrimental effects on the skin, says Yvette van Schie, but supplements can help.

Mediterranean diet intervention studies have shown tendency to pain reduction and improvement of physical function after 3—6 months.

An intervention study, comparing 7—10 days fasting followed by 13 months vegetarian diet and the ordinary diet, showed significant pain reduction in the intervention group.

Though, there was no significant difference in physical function or morning stiffness compared to RA patients adhered to an ordinary diet.

Vegan diet intervention studies did not report statistical significant difference in pain, physical activity or morning stiffness compared to an ordinary diet.

Mais odd ratio assez important, 4, Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers. This included the sufficiency of energy and protein; the adequacy of vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, iodine and vitamin D; and the lack of the long-chain n -3 fatty acids EPA and DHA in most plant-based sources.

However, via the strategic management of food and appropriate supplementation, it is the contention of this article that a nutritive vegan diet can be designed to achieve the dietary needs of most athletes satisfactorily.

Empirical research is needed to examine the effects of vegan diets in athletic populations however, especially if this movement grows in popularity […].

The long-term health of vegetarians and vegans. The long-term health of vegetarians appears to be generally good, and for some diseases and medical conditions it may be better than that of comparable omnivores.

Much more research is needed, particularly on the long-term health of vegans. Food intake diet and sperm characteristics in a blue zone: a Loma Linda Study.

Eliza M. Orzylowska et al. Lacto-ovo vegetarians had lower sperm concentration Total motility was lower in the lacto-ovo and vegan groups Vegans had lowest hyperactive motility 0.

Sperm strict morphologies were similar for the 3 groups. There were no differences in rapid progression and chromatin integrity. Conclusions: The study showed that the vegetables-based food intake decreased sperm quality.

In particular, a reduction in sperm quality in male factor patients would be clinically significant and would require review.

Furthermore, inadequate sperm hyperactivation in vegans suggested compromised membrane calcium selective channels. However, the study results are cautiously interpreted and more corroborative studies are needed.

The low dietary intake of protein and sulfur amino acids by a plant-eating population leads to subclinical protein malnutrition, explaining the origin of hyperhomocysteinemia and the increased vulnerability of these vegetarian subjects to cardiovascular diseases.

A maternal vegetarian diet in pregnancy is associated with hypospadias K. North, J. Kothapalli et al.

Tests based on population divergence, site frequency spectrum, and long-range haplotype consistently point to positive selection encompassing rs in South Asian, African, and some East Asian populations.

This study is consistent with previous in vitro data suggesting that the insertion allele enhances n-6 LCPUFA synthesis and may confer an adaptive advantage in South Asians because of the traditional plant-based diet practice.

Specifically, in pre-Neolithic hunter—gatherers subsisting on animal- based diets with a substantial aquatic contribution, LCPUFAssynthesis- diminishing alleles were adaptive.

Recently, 2 common nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs within the BCMO1 coding region RS; rs and AV; rs revealed reduced catalytic activity, confirming that genetic variations contribute to the low responder phenotype.

In summary, a range of SNPs can influence the effectiveness of using plant-based provitamin A carotenoids to increase vitamin A status in at-risk population groups and this effect may vary depending on ethnic origin.

Recent developments in understanding protein needs — How much and what kind should we eat? Pencharz, Paul B. In practice, we suggest 1.

Protein: A nutrient in focus Arentson-Lantz et al. Can the digestible indispensable amino acid score methodology decrease protein malnutrition Hannah H.

Likewise, it was recently demonstrated that milk and eggs are efficient in complementing low-quality plant proteins to improve the DIAAS value Shivakumar et al.

Although legumes generally have a greater DIAAS value than cereal grains, they are limiting in methionine and may contain antinutritional factors that often reduce the absorption of amino acids or micronutrients Rutherfurd et al.

Consequently, animal proteins are more effective in increasing the protein quality of mixed meals and meeting human amino acid requirements than proteins from legumes.

Potential impact of the digestible indispensable amino acid score as a measure of protein quality on dietary regulations and health Christopher P.

Marinangeli and James D. A weak link in metabolism: the metabolic capacity for glycine biosynthesis does not satisfy the need for collagen synthesis.

Melendez-Hevia et al. Vegetarianism, female gender and increasing age, but not CNDP1 genotype, are associated with reduced muscle carnosine levels in humans Evereaert et al.

Composition of polyamines and amino acids in plant-source foods for human consumption Hou et al. All of the analyzed plant-source foods lacked taurine, creatine, carnosine and anserine antioxidants that are abundant in meats and also present in milk , and contained little 4-hydroxyproline.

Proper proportions of plant- and animal-source products are likely most desirable for optimizing human nutrition and health.

The proportion of DHA in erythrocyte total lipids of infants breast-fed by vegans was 1. It is concluded that the intakes of linoleic acid and DHA are the major determinants of the proportion of DHA in plasma and red blood cell lipids.

Studies of vegans: the fatty acid composition of plasma choline phosphoglycerides, erythrocytes, adipose tissue, and breast milk, and some indicators of susceptibility to ischemic heart disease in vegans and omnivore controls Sanders et al.

William lived in , at address. William was baptized on month day , at baptism place. Peter was born on February 28 , in Avenwedde Nr. Maria was born on September 23 , in Pavenstädt.

Friedrich married Minna Reckmann born Heinemann at marriage place. Minna was born on January 31 , in Rheda. They had 3 children: Willy August Reckmann and 2 other children.

Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 39 at death place. He was buried on month day , at burial place. Documents of Friedrich August Reckmann.

Friedrich married Wilhelmine Reckmann born Schrott on month day , at age 24 at marriage place. Wilhelmine was born on April 24 , in Bochum.

They had 4 children: Johanne Else Obelode born Reckmann and 3 other children. Friedrich married Ida Wanda Reckmann born Tietz on month day , at age 44 at marriage place.

Ida was born on September 4 , in Lodz. Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 49 at death place. Documents of Friedrich Hermann Reckmann.

Johann was born on July 3 , in Borgholzhausen. Anne was born on January 7 , in Brockhagen He had 5 brothers: Arn. Reckmann , Frans Henr.

Reckmann and 3 other siblings. Anne was born circa They had one daughter: Catharine Louise Reckmann. Friedrich passed away of cause of death on month day , at age 23 at death place.

Heinrich was born on February 17 , in Hollen Johanne was born on January 24 , in Ebbesloh 4. Friedrich married Marie Catharine Reckmann born Nieweg on month day , at age 22 at marriage place.

Marie was born on October 24 Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 57 at death place. Peter was born on November 19 , in Avenwedde.

Johanne was born on August 27 , in Gütersloh. Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 24 at death place.

Documents of Friedrich Hermann Heinrich Reckmann. Fred had 4 siblings: Willie E Richmann and 3 other siblings. Fred lived in , at address , Iowa.

Hermann was born on June 14 , in Isselhorst. Hanne was born on March 23 , in Quelle-Brackwede. Friedrich passed away on month day , at death place.

Friedrich passed away on month day Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 10 at death place. Friedrich passed away on month day , at age Peter was born circa Anna was born on April 23 , in Isselhorst Nr.

Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 4. Friedrich passed away in month , at age Friedrich was born on March 18 , in Herringen.

Friederike was born on April 18 He had 3 siblings: Anneliese König born Reckmann and 2 other siblings. Friedrich married Ottilie Lina Reckmann born Vorbusch on month day , at age 35 at marriage place.

Ottilie was born on July 4 Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 75 at death place. He was buried at burial place.

Heinrich was born on September 29 , in Gütersloh. He had 2 siblings: Bruno Reckmann and one other sibling.

Friedrich married Minna Helene Helga Reckmann born Thaele on month day , at age 38 at marriage place.

Minna was born on June 22 , in Stelle. They had 3 children: Hartmut Bruno Hans Reckmann and 2 other children. Friedrich married Erika Lucie Paula Reckmann born Henjes on month day , at age 59 at marriage place.

Erika was born on April 24 , in Köslin. Friedrich married first name Reckmann on month day , at age 31 at marriage place. Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 85 at death place.

Schake and Isabella Catharina Wilhelmine Lücke gen. Schake born Reckmann. Henrich was born in November , in Hilbeck. Isabella was born in , in Heeren.

Friedrich passed away on month day , at age 18 at death place. Caroline was born on November 11 He lived at address.

Friedrich passed away. Documents of Friedrich Heinrich Reckmann.

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